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    Thornton, Alfred

    Alfred Henry Robinson Thornton 1863-1939
    Contributor to The Burlington Magazine since 1920.
    Alfred Thornton was active as a painter of landscapes and writer. He studied Fine Arts at the Slade School of Fine Art and Westminster School of Art. In 1890 Thornton went to Le Pouldu in Brittany (where Paul Gauguin was then at work) to paint. In 1893 he became teaching assistant to Walter Sickert. Thornton was a contributor to the Yellow Book, founded in 1894. He became a member of the New English Art Club in 1895 and Honorary Secretary from 1928 until his death. In 1924 Thornton joined the rivalling London Group. Later in his life, in 1938, Thornton published autobiographical notes, The Diary of an Art Student of the Nineties. After his death in 1939, a memorial exhibition was held in the Redfern Gallery, London.
    A major issue in Thornton's contributions to The Burlington Magazine is his attempt to relate psychological theories to aesthetics. Thornton had a keen interest in the underlying motives that produce art: he studied the cultural factors that motivate artists to revert to certain styles in different periods. Thornton was inspired by Sigmund Freud's theories of the subconscious mind and by the philosopher Clive Bell, most significantly by Bell's concept of 'aesthetic emotion', an emotional response evoked purely by aesthetic qualities of an art work.
    It is only consistent that Thornton's first three articles about art and the mind in The Burlington Magazine were written in collaboration with the psychologist Ronald Gordon. In their articles, Thornton and Gordon tried to establish what they regarded as objective art criticism by classifying of artists into 'introvert' and 'extrovert' types, singling out Cézanne as a medium between the 'extrovert' nineteenth and the 'introversion' of the twentieth century. Thornton writes in his Diary that their ideas were received partly with controversy by artists and scholars. 
    Thornton has been described as a man of wide culture and alert intellect. He was open for new ideas and quick in taking them up. His creation of formalist analogies was an innovative approach at his time, although it disregards chronological considerations. Thornton's comprehensive contributions to the study of art were among those that prepared the way for interdisciplinary art history of the twentieth century.
    Ulrike Kern, June 2010
    Select Bibliography: H. B. Grimsditch and rev. Ben Whitworth, 'Alfred Henry Robinson Thornton', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Online edition, Editor Lawrence Goldman, Oxford, May 2005; William Rothenstein, Alfred Thornton 1863 – 1939, foreword in exh. cat. The Redfern Gallery, Ltd., Apr-May 1939; Alfred Thornton, The Diary of an Art Student of the Nineties, London 1938.

     
    Contribution
    10 articles
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    Thornton, Dora

    Dora Thornton is Curator of Renaissance Europe and of the Waddesdon Bequest at the British Museum, London. 

    NoC: Curator of Renaissance Europe and Curator of the Waddesdon Bequest

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory (SEP16);

    Publications:

    The Scholar in His Study, Ownership and Experience in Renaissance Italy (1997)

    Objects of Virtue, Art in Renaissance Italy (2001; with L. Syson)

    Italian Renaissance Ceramics in the British Museum (2009; with T. Wilson)

    Shakespeare; staging the world (2012; with J. Bate) 

    Contribution
    17 articles
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    Thornton, Peter

    Contribution
    11 articles
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    Thornton-Cronin, Lesley

    Lesley Thornton-Cronin is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Glasgow.

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thorold, Anne

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thorpe, A. L.

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thorpe, W. A.

    Contribution
    14 articles
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    Thouless, R. H.

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thring, Marion

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thuillier, Jacques

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Thurlby, Malcolm

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thurston, Herbert

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Thwaites, John Anthony

    Contribution
    3 articles
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    Tico Seifert, Christian

    Christian Tico Seifert is Senior Curator of Northern European Art at the National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh.

    Publications:

    Zurück in Dresden. Eine Ausstellung ehemals vermisster Werke aus Dresdener Museen, exh. cat. (1998; Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen)

    Rebekka en Eliëzer bij de put – een onbekend schilderij van Jan Tengnagel (1584-1635)’, Kroniek van Het Rembrandthuis (2005)

    ‘Drei Entwurfszeichnungen von Lodewijk Toeput für eine Odysseus und Nausikaa-Wandteppichserie’, Delineavit & Sculpsit (2005)

    ‘Beiträge zu Leben und Werk des Lindauer Malers Jakob Ernst Thomann von Hagelstein (1588- 1653)’, Wissenschaftliches Jahrbuch. Zeppelin Museum Friedrichshafen (2005)

    ‘An Unknown Drawing by Adam Elsheimer for the Frankfurt True Cross Altarpiece’, Master Drawings (2007)

    Dutch Mannerism: Goltzius and his Contemporaries, exh. cat. (2008; Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland)

    Rembrandt – Wissenschaft auf der Suche. Beiträge des Internationalen Symposiums, Berlin, 4. und 5. November 2006 (2009; editor with H. Bevers, J. Kelch, B. W. Lindemann)

    Bible moralisée. Prachthandschriften des Hohen Mittelalters. Gesammelte Schriften von Reiner Haussherr (2009; editor with E. König, G. Siebert)

    Dutch Paintings 1600-1900 in the National Gallery of Scotland. A Critical Catalogue (2011)

    Pieter Lastman (1583-1633). Studien zu Leben und Werk. Mit einem kritischen Verzeichnis der Werke mit Themen aus der antiken Mythologie und Historie (2011)

    Contribution
    7 articles
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    Tietze, Hans

    Contribution
    15 articles
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    Tietze-Conrat, Erika

    Contribution
    11 articles
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    Tilanus, Louk

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tilborgh, Louis van

    Louis van Tilborgh is a Senior Researcher at the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam.

     

     

    Publications:

    Vincent van Gogh. Paintings. Antwerp and Paris (1885-1888), exh. cat. (2011; Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum; co-author with E. Henrik, in collaboration with M. and M. Hageman)

    ‘Vincent van Gogh: in search of a voice’ in: Becoming Van Gogh, exh. cat. (2012; Denver Art Museum; co-author with E. van Uitert) 

     

     

    Contribution
    9 articles
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    Tillyard, Virginia

    Contribution
    9 articles
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    Tinagli, Paola

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tinios, Ellis

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tinterow, Gary

    Contribution
    5 articles
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    Tintori, Leonetto

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tipping, H. Avray

    Contribution
    13 articles
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    Tite, George H.

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tittler, Robert

    Robert Tittler is Distinguished Professor of History Emeritus and Adjunct Professor of Art History at Concordia University, Montreal. His book The Face of the City, Civic Portraiture and Civic Identity in Early Modern England was published in 2007.

    Publications:

    Nicholas Bacon, The Making of a Tudor Statesman (1976)

    Accounts of the Roberts Family of Ticehurst, Sussex (1979; editor)

    The Mid-Tudor Polity, c.1540–1560 (1980; co-edited with S.J. Loach)

    The Reign of Mary I (1983; l99l, second edition)

    Architecture and Power, the Town Hall and the English Urban Community, l500–l640 (199l)

    The Reformation and the Towns in England, Politics and Political Culture, 1540–1640 (l998)

    'Civic Portraiture and Political Culture in English Provincial Towns, c.1560–1640', Journal of British Studies (July 1998)

    'The Cookes and the Brookes: Political Uses of Portraiture in Town and Country before the Civil War' in: G. MacLean, D. Landry and J. Ward, eds., The Country and the City Revisited (1999)

    Townspeople and Nation: English Urban Experiences, 1540–1640 (2001)

    'An Actor's Face? The Sanders Portrait in Context' in: S. Nolen, ed., Shakespeare's Face (2002)

    A Companion to Tudor Britain (2004; co-edited with N. L. Jones)

    'Portraiture, Politics, and Society’ in: R. Tittler and N. Jones, eds., The Blackwells Companion to Tudor Britain (2004)

    ‘Three Livery Company Portraits by Jan de Critz’, The Burlington Magazine (July 2005)

    ‘Freemen’s Gloves and Civic Authority: The Evidence from Post-Reformation Portraiture’, Costume (2006)

    ‘Portraiture and Character in Shakespeare’s England’, Dalhousie Review (Spring 2006)

    The Face of the City: Civic Portraiture and Civic Identity in Early Modern England (2007)

    ‘Portrait Collection and Display in the English Civic Body, c.1540–1640', Journal of the History of Collections (2008)

    ‘Print Collecting in Provincial England Prior to 1650; the Randle Holme Album’, British Art Journal (Autumn 2008; co-authored with A. Thackray)

    ‘Thomas Heywood and the Portrayal of Female Benefactors in Post-Reformation England’, Early Theatre (June 2008)

    ‘Portraits, Precedence and Politics Amongst the London Liveries, c.1540–1640',

    Urban History (December 2008)

     

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Toesca, Ilaria

    Contribution
    15 articles
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    Tombu, Jeanne

    Contribution
    3 articles
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    Tomezzoli, Andrea

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tomic, Milena

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tomita, Kojiro

    Contribution
    3 articles
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    Tomlinson, Janis A.

    Janis Tomlinson is Director of University Museums, University of Delaware.

    Publications:

    The Tauromaquia and later prints by Goya from the Arthur Ross Foundation (1983)

    ‘Goya y lo Popular revisited: on the Iconography of “The Wedding”’, Pantheon (1984)

    Francisco Goya: The Tapestry Cartoons and Early Career at the Court of Madrid (1989)

    Graphic Evolutions: the Print Series of Francisco Goya (1989)

    ‘On the provenance and patronage of Luis Meléndez' "Aranjuez" still-lives’, The Burlington Magazine (February 1990)

    ‘Landscape into Allegory: J.M.W. Turner's “Frosty Morning” and James Thomson's The Seasons’, Studies in Romanticism (Summer 1990)

    ‘Burn it, Hide it, Flaunt it: Goya's Majas and the Censorial Mind’, Art Journal (Winter 1991)

    Goya in the Twilight of Enlightenment (1992)

    ‘A Report from Anton Raphael Mengs on the Spanish Royal Collection’, The Burlington Magazine (February 1993)

    Francisco Goya y Lucientes (1994)

    ‘Goya in Context: Painting at the Court of Carlos IV’ in: Goya:Neue Forschungen  (1995)

    Readings in Nineteenth Century European Art (1996; Editor)

    ‘Evolving Concepts: Spain, Painting and Authentic Goyas in Nineteenth Century France’, Metropolitan Museum Journal (1996)

    ‘Goya and the Censors’ in: E. Childs. eds., Suspended License: Censorship and the Visual Arts (1997)

    ‘La Familia de Carlos IV’, Goya en el Prado (2001)

    ‘Francisco Goya, Tapestry Painter’, The Magazine Antiques (March 2002)

    ‘State Galleries and the Formation of  National Artistic Identity in Spain, England and France: 1814–1851’ in: M. Facos and S.L. Hirsch, eds., Art, Culture and National Identity in Fin-de-Siècle Europe (2003)

    ‘Goya and Esotericism’, Groniek Historisch Tijdschrift (April 2005)

    ‘Introduction: Goya at the Equinox’,

    Romance Quarterly (Spring 2007)

     

    Contribution
    7 articles
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    Tomory, P. A.

    Contribution
    7 articles
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    Toniolo, Federica

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tonkovich, Jennifer

    Jennifer Tonkovich is a Curator in the Department of Drawings and Prints at The Morgan Library and Museum, New York.

    Publications:

    Two Studies for the Gesù and a Quarantore Design by Bernini’, The Burlington Magazine (January 1998)

    ‘How Petrarca Became Boccaccio: A Bronze Portrait Bust from the Morgan Library’, Studi sul Boccaccio (2005; co-author with V. Kirkham)

    ‘Claude Gillot’s Designs for Turkish Costumes: Some New Sources’, The Burlington Magazine (April 2005)

    ‘“Rymsdyk’s Museum”: Jan van Rymsdyk (fl.1740–1788/89) as a Collector of Old Master Drawings’, Journal of the History of Collections (December 2005)

    ‘A New Album of Theater Drawings by Claude Gillot’, Master Drawings (Winter 2006)

    ‘New Light on Drawings by Claude Gillot and His Circle in Stockholm’,

    Master Drawings (Summer 2009)

     

    Contribution
    3 articles
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    Tonks, Henry

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tooth, Constance

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Topolski, Feliks

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Topp, Leslie

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Toppin, Aubrey J.

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Topsfield, Andrew

    Andrew Topsfield is Keeper of Eastern Art at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 

    Publications:

    Court Painting at Udaipur (2002)

    Paintings from Mughal India (2008) 

     

    Contribution
    10 articles
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    Torriti, Piero

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Toscano, Bruno

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Tosini, Patrizia

    Patrizia Tosini is Assistant Professor of Renaissance and Baroque Art at Cassino University. Her book Girolamo Muziano. 1532–1592. Dalla Maniera alla Natura was published in 2008.

    Publications:

    La Cappella Contarelli in San Luigi dei Francesi. Arte e committenza nella Roma di Caravaggio (2005; edited with N. Gozzano)

    La collezione di opere d’arte della Dexia-Crediop. Dipinti, disegni e sculture dal XVI al XX secolo (2002; editor)

    Collezioni veneziane nelle foto di Umberto Rossi. Dipinti e disegni dal XIV al XVIII secolo (1995; with F. Romei)

    Girolamo Muziano. 1532-1592. Dalla Maniera alla Natura (2008)

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Tostmann, Oliver

    Oliver Tostmannis the Andrew W. Mellon Curatorial Fellow in the Department of Italian Paintings at the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

    Contribution
    2 articles
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    Town, Edward

    Edward Town is a Postdoctoral Research Assistant at the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven.

    Contribution
    3 articles
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    Towndrow, Kenneth Romney

    Contribution
    6 articles
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    Towner, Donald

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Townsend, Eleanor

    Contribution
    1 article
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    Townsend, Joyce H.

    Contribution
    3 articles