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June 2015

Vol. 157 | No. 1347


Changes of direction

In recent months the media has had a field day in reporting and commenting on the merry-go-round of resignations, retirements and appointments at major London galleries and museums. It is indeed a turbulent period, a macedonia of congratulations, sorrow, expectancy and Schadenfreude. The appointment of a new director brings a particular institution under the spotlight and  suggestions on possible future conduct come from all sides. The resignation of a director is a trickier problem, for the reasons behind it are rarely disclosed or are given only a bland gloss in a press release: much more lies behind an outgoing director’s ‘wish to move on to different challenges’. It should not be forgotten that new directors can make little public impact in the early part of their tenure, particularly on matters such as the exhibition ­programme, scheduled well before their arrival. Getting to know personnel, methods of business, the unexpected quirks of curators, committees and trustees are all a priority. Everyone associated with the museum will want a piece of the new director, to have his or her particular attention and approval. This intensifies over time as staff get to know a director’s strengths and weaknesses. This is apparent in Frederick Wiseman’s film on the National Gallery, released last year. We see Nicholas Penny, now the ­outgoing director, dealing with tricky problems of publicity and marketing in his inimitably sceptical way, as well as with gloomy ­financial reports. We also see him in eloquent flow in front of a Poussin and an audience of well-heeled Gallery supporters. Here are the twin peaks of such a role – administration and scholarship. We also witness some depressing marketing ploys being fielded to him and hear of the importance of the Gallery’s audience as an equal partner of the curators. Lipservice was paid to the ‘beautiful’ exhibitions and their ‘fine design’ (this was filmed before the ­Rembrandt show last year) – but, asked the PR representative guilelessly, how does the Gallery connect with the public?

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Henri Rousseau

The penurious Henri Rousseau, Le Douanier, never travelled outside France. Now he is celebrated in the august surroundings of the Doge’s Palace, Venice (to 6th September), in the exhibition Henri Rousseau. Il candore arcaico (translated as ‘archaic naivety’). As with the 2014 exhibition in the same venue dedicated to Manet, this is a joint project of the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia and the Musée d’Orsay and l’Orangerie.1

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  • Cultures in Contact – From Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean in the Second millennium B.C., J. Aruz, S.B. Graff and Y. Rakic, eds.

    By Dominique Collon
  • Die mittelalterlichen Olifante, A. Shalem, with the ­collaboration of M. Glaser

    By Paul Williamson
  • Durham Cathedral: History, Fabric and Culture, D. Brown, ed.

    By Alan Borg
  • Bartolomeo della Gatta. Pittore e Miniatore tra Arezzo, Roma e Urbino, C. Martelli

    By Tom Henry
  • L’Histoire d’Alexandre le Grand dans les tapisseries au XVe siècle. Fortune iconographique dans les tapisseries et les manuscrits conservés. La tenture d’Alexandre de la collection Doria ­Pamphilj à Gênes, F. Barbe, L. Stagno and E. Villari, eds.

    By Nello Forti Grazzini
  • Spanish Fashion at the Courts of Early Modern Europe, J.L. Colomer and A. Descalzo, eds.

    By Lisa Monnas
  • Display of Art in the Roman Palace, 1550–1750, G. ­Feigenbaum, with F. Freddolini

    By Helen Langdon
  • Mikhail Larionov and the Cultural ­Politics of Late Imperial Russia, S. Warren

    By Natalia Budanova
  • Giorgio de Chirico Catalogo generale: opere dal 1912 al 1976, Fondazione ­Giorgio e Isa de Chirico, ed.

    By Robert Radford
  • Hans Hofmann. Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings. Volume I: Essays and References; Volume II: Catalogue Entries 1901–1951; Volume III: Catalogue Entries 1952–1985, S. Villiger, ed.

    By David Carrier
  • Contemporary Chinese Art: A Critical History, P. Gladston Contemporary Chinese Art. A History: 1970s to 2000s, W. Hung

    By Katie Hill